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CVD is the leading cause of death in the world. Cardiovascular diseases cause disproportionate harm to low- and middle-income countries in which more than 80% of the proportion of those killed by them are men and women alike.

The good news, is that 80% of premature heart attacks and strokes are preventable. Healthy diet, regular physical activity, and not using tobacco products are the keys to prevention. Checking and controlling risk factors for heart disease and stroke such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high blood sugar or diabetes is also very important.

Rapid urbanization, unhealthy diets and increased sedentary lifestyles have led to rapid growth rates of obesity and diabetes, with an estimated 425 million people currently living with diabetes worldwide – about 90 percent of people suffer from type 2 diabetes. The situation will further deteriorate in the coming decades, as the total number of diabetics is expected to increase to more than 600 million people by 2045. It is estimated that up to 50% of diabetics worldwide are unaware of their disease.

While diabetes is treatable, even when glucose levels are under control, it significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) – people with diabetes are more likely to have coronary artery disease, stroke, myocardial infarction, and angina. Compared to those who do not have diabetes. Preventing cardiovascular disease in diabetics is a necessary preventive strategy that focus mostly on lifestyle management and risk factor interventions.

What can I do to avoid a heart attack or stroke?

Eat a healthy diet: A balanced diet is crucial to heart and circulatory health. This should include lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, fish and beans, with a limited amount of salt, sugar and fat. Alcohol should also be used in moderation.

Get regular physical activity: at least 30 minutes of regular physical activity every day helps you maintain cardiovascular fitness; at least 60 minutes on most days of the week helps to maintain a healthy weight.

Avoid tobacco use: Tobacco in every form is considered very harmful to health – cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or chewable tobacco. Exposure to second-hand smoke is also dangerous. The risk of heart attacks and stroke begins to decrease once a person stops using tobacco products, and it can decrease by half after one year.

Checking and controlling cardiovascular disease risk: An important aspect of preventing heart attacks and strokes is to provide treatment and advice to individuals at high risk of infection (those who have a 10-year cardiovascular disease risk equal to or greater than 30%) and limit Of the risks of the cardiovascular system. Health workers can estimate the risk of cardiovascular disease by using simple risk charts and providing appropriate advice for managing your risk factors.

Know your blood pressure: High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, but it is one of the biggest causes of sudden stroke or heart attacks. Check your blood pressure and know your numbers. If it’s high, you’ll need to change your lifestyle to follow a healthy diet while eating less salt and increasing physical activity, and you may need medications to control your blood pressure.

Learn about blood lipids: The level of cholesterol in the blood and abnormal fats increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Cholesterol in the blood must be controlled through a healthy diet, and if necessary, by appropriate medications.

Learn about blood sugar: Blood glucose (diabetes) increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. If you have diabetes, it is very important to control blood pressure and blood sugar to reduce your risk.

Reference:https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds) 


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On 31 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the novel coronavirus, presently called COVID-19, a global public health crisis. Whereas public authorities and healthcare experts endeavor to treat and moderate the effect of the infection, worldwide health organizations are utilizing their stages to communicate exact data almost the emergency. The World Heart Federation (WHF), as a knowledge-sharing organization, is committed to encouraging get to the most recent proof of the COVID-19 outbreak and guaranteeing everybody is mindful of the fundamental measures to ensure protect themselves and others.

In December 2019 COVID-19 was first discovered in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. Typical infection signs can include a sore throat, cough and fever. The infection can lead to pneumonia, extreme acute respiratory syndrome or trouble breathing which can be fatal in more serious situations. Research shows that individuals with pre-existing medical problems including diabetes and cardiovascular disease are more vulnerable to the worst outcomes of the virus.

A study published in The Lancet that analyzed 99 patients with COVID-19 found that about half of people with chronic underlying diseases. Specifically, 40 patients suffering from heart failure or damage to blood vessels due to conditions including heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and another 12 patients with diabetes. A more recent JAMA report on 138 COVID-19 patients in hospital stated that 19.6% of patients had acute respiratory distress syndrome. Complication rates were higher for ICU patients: According to the article, “Patients who were admitted to the ICU were older and had comorbidities more than those who were not admitted to the ICU. This indicates that age Common disease may be a risk factor for poor outcomes.

To tackle this problem effectively, front-line healthcare workers will keep up-to-date with the current indications and symptoms details, as well as know the necessary measures for protecting themselves and others. WHO has developed a set of preventive and control guidelines when COVID-19 infection is suspected. Despite these instructions WHF firmly advises reducing exposure and securing the lives of patients and healthcare staff.

Reference: https://www.world-heart-federation.org/news/cvd-community-covid-19-outbreak/


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the world commemorated the 15th anniversary of the entry into force of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The Framework Agreement remains the first international treaty and only on public health negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization. It was adopted by the World Health Assembly on May 21, 2003. It has since become one of the most rapidly and widely embraced treaties within the entire international political system.

It is estimated that smoking causes approximately 10% of all cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and remains the second major cause of the cardiovascular disease after high blood pressure. In addition, approximately 6 million people die from tobacco use or exposure to secondhand smoke annually, accounting for 6% of females and 12% of male deaths worldwide. By 2030, tobacco-related deaths are expected to increase to more than 8 million deaths annually. But tobacco use is both avoidable and preventable, and there are many health and policy tools, such as taxing tobacco, that can help us tackle this threat. So working for a tobacco-free world is a major strategic priority for the World Heart Federation.

The objective of this agreement is to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic impacts of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke. Over the past fifteen years, the Framework Convention has played a crucial role in curbing the global tobacco epidemic by providing a road map for policy change and an incentive to act. At present there are 181 parties to the framework agreement, which covers more than 90% of the world’s population.

In addition to helping public health advocates promote tobacco control, the agreement was a litmus test for creating a strong legal framework for international cooperation in health issues. It has proven effective in legal defenses against the tobacco industry, while at the same time helping to raise awareness of tobacco industry intervention. The enhancement of the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control is also an integral part of the Sustainable Development Goals as Goal 3a.

Reference: https://www.world-heart-federation.org/news/celebrating-15-years-of-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control/


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Are heart patients at increased risk of coronavirus?

This is a scary time for many people, especially if they have an existing health problem.

Most people with coronavirus (Covid-19) have mild symptoms and fully recover. Heart and circulatory conditions may not make you more likely to contract coronavirus than anyone else.

Anyone with heart disease is at risk of developing more serious complications from the Covid-19 coronavirus.

  • It is important to stay informed of the government’s advice. Some heart patients are at very high risk. These people must protect themselves by staying at home. This applies to you:
  • Underwent a transplant at any time, including a heart transplant.
  •  You are pregnant and suffer from severe heart disease (of any kind including congenital)

Even if you are not at extremely high risk, you may still be at particularly high risk because of your heart condition if:

  • You have heart disease and you’re over 70
  • You have heart disease and lung disease or chronic kidney disease
  • You have angina that restricts your daily life
  • Heart failure, especially if it restricts your daily life or you’ve been admitted to hospital to treat your heart failure in the past year
  • Heart valve disease that is severe and associated with symptoms (such as if you regularly feel breathless, or you have symptoms from your heart valve problem despite medication, or if you are waiting for valve surgery)
  • You’re recovering from recent open-heart surgery in the last three months (including heart bypass surgery)
  • Congenital heart disease  (any type) if you also have any of the following: lung disease, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, you’re over 70, you are pregnant, or if you have complex congenital heart disease (such as Fontan, single ventricle or cyanosis).
  • Cardiomyopathy(any type) if you have symptoms such as breathlessness, or it limits your daily life, or you’ve been told you have problems with your heart function

What should I do if I have congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart disease comes in many different forms and many patients may have mild Covid-19 symptoms, just like everyone else.

According to specialists, congenital heart disease patients that are at particular risk of more severe Covid-19 illness include those that are over-70, have lung disease, complex congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypertension or heart failure. The risk to children from coronavirus is lower, and the main concern is that children may spread the virus to more vulnerable groups.

Take care of your heart all the time!

Being in self-quarantine can lead people to adopt unhealthy eating habits. To avoid stress, exhaustion, and other negative consequences, make sure you follow a daily schedule and maintain a healthy lifestyle:

Continue doing exercise, eating a balanced diet, staying hydrated and getting adequate sleep.

Maintain your social network even remotely and communicate with your friends and family on a regular basis.

Limit the information you consume about the outbreak and the time you spend on it, and only trust reliable sources.

WHO recommends 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week, or a combination of both. These recommendations can still be achieved even at home:

Take short active breaks during the day.

Follow an online exercise class.

Walk, stand up and relax.

References:

https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/heart-matters-magazine/news/coronavirus-and-your-health

https://www.world-heart-federation.org/covid-19-and-cvd/


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Emirates Cardiac Society

SHARING MATTERS OF HEART

SHARING MATTERS OF HEART




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