Are heart patients at increased risk of coronavirus?
This is a scary time for many people, especially if they have an existing health problem.
Most people with coronavirus (Covid-19) have mild symptoms and fully recover. Heart and circulatory conditions may not make you more likely to contract coronavirus than anyone else.
Anyone with heart disease is at risk of developing more serious complications from the Covid-19 coronavirus.
- It is important to stay informed of the government’s advice. Some heart patients are at very high risk. These people must protect themselves by staying at home. This applies to you:
- Underwent a transplant at any time, including a heart transplant.
- You are pregnant and suffer from severe heart disease (of any kind including congenital)
Even if you are not at extremely high risk, you may still be at particularly high risk because of your heart condition if:
- You have heart disease and you’re over 70
- You have heart disease and lung disease or chronic kidney disease
- You have angina that restricts your daily life
- Heart failure, especially if it restricts your daily life or you’ve been admitted to hospital to treat your heart failure in the past year
- Heart valve disease that is severe and associated with symptoms (such as if you regularly feel breathless, or you have symptoms from your heart valve problem despite medication, or if you are waiting for valve surgery)
- You’re recovering from recent open-heart surgery in the last three months (including heart bypass surgery)
- Congenital heart disease (any type) if you also have any of the following: lung disease, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, you’re over 70, you are pregnant, or if you have complex congenital heart disease (such as Fontan, single ventricle or cyanosis).
- Cardiomyopathy(any type) if you have symptoms such as breathlessness, or it limits your daily life, or you’ve been told you have problems with your heart function
What should I do if I have congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart disease comes in many different forms and many patients may have mild Covid-19 symptoms, just like everyone else.
According to specialists, congenital heart disease patients that are at particular risk of more severe Covid-19 illness include those that are over-70, have lung disease, complex congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypertension or heart failure. The risk to children from coronavirus is lower, and the main concern is that children may spread the virus to more vulnerable groups.
Take care of your heart all the time!
Being in self-quarantine can lead people to adopt unhealthy eating habits. To avoid stress, exhaustion, and other negative consequences, make sure you follow a daily schedule and maintain a healthy lifestyle:
Continue doing exercise, eating a balanced diet, staying hydrated and getting adequate sleep.
Maintain your social network even remotely and communicate with your friends and family on a regular basis.
Limit the information you consume about the outbreak and the time you spend on it, and only trust reliable sources.
WHO recommends 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week, or a combination of both. These recommendations can still be achieved even at home:
Take short active breaks during the day.
Follow an online exercise class.
Walk, stand up and relax.