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Many teens and women are fighting a constant battle with the scale.Whatever they do they still can’t lose weight and if they do lose it, it’s hard to keep it off…. Eventually they start accepting the way they look and lose hope in losing weight, well they can’t spend all our lives dieting, right? They […]


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As we are keen about our reader’s health and their wellbeing, we have been working on interviewing international cardiologists from all over the globe. As we had an interview with one of the best cardiologists; Prof. Mamas Andreas; he was very generous to answer our questions. We asked him: WHAT MOTIVATED YOU TO BE A […]



heart-healthy lifestyle can help prevent heart disease, which can lead to acute coronary syndrome. If you already have heart disease, a heart-healthy lifestyle along with medicine can help prevent a heart attack.

Stay at a healthy weight. Lose weight if you need to.

Stay at a healthy weight. Lose weight if you need to.

Eat a heart-healthy diet that has lots of fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein.

Eat a heart-healthy diet that has lots of fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein.

Take a daily aspirin if your doctor advises it.

Take a daily aspirin if your doctor advises it.

Don't smoke.

Don't smoke.

Manage other health problems, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.

Manage other health problems, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.

Be active. Your doctor can suggest a safe level of exercise for you.

Be active. Your doctor can suggest a safe level of exercise for you.

Lower your stress level. Stress can damage your heart.

Lower your stress level. Stress can damage your heart.



After the onset of menopause certain risk factors increase around the time of menopause and a high-fat diet, smoking or other unhealthy habits begun earlier in life can also take a toll.

Menopause and Heart Disease

Family History and Heart Disease, Stroke

Family History and Heart Disease, Stroke

Knowing your family’s health history can help you avoid both heart disease and stroke – the  No. 1 and No. 5 causes of death. Just because your family has a history of cardiovascular disease, does not mean that you will certainly have the same diseases, it just means that you are more likely to have them.

If your cardiovascular disease has stabilized, it is probably safe to have sex

If your cardiovascular disease has stabilized, it is probably safe to have sex

Ask your doctor before resuming sexual activity

Don’t be SHY!



Heart Attack Signs in Women

Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.

Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest
Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach

Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.

Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.

Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
Breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.

Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.

As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somehow more likely than men to experience these common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.

Even though heart disease is the No. 1 killer of women, women often chalk up the symptoms to less life-threatening conditions like acid reflux, the flu or normal aging. Heart disease is the world’s biggest killers, accounting for a combined 15 million deaths in 2015. These diseases have remained the leading causes of death globally in the last 15 years.

Heart disease in Women

Angina in Women Can Be Different Than Men

Angina (chest pain)

Angina (chest pain) is a warning sign of heart disease, and recognizing it and getting treated early may prevent a heart attack. Fatty build-up in your coronary arteries, called plaque, prevents blood flow that’s needed to provide oxygen to your heart muscle.

Women more frequently develop heart disease within the very small arteries that branch out from the coronary arteries – microvascular disease (MVD) and occurs particularly in younger women.

Heart disease in men

On the other hand, Heart disease in men usually is due to blockages in their coronary arteries – obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Up to 50 percent of women with anginal symptoms who undergo cardiac catheterization don’t have the obstructive type of CAD.

You may have tightness, pressure or discomfort in your chest during physical activity or when stressed. But it goes away shortly after you stop the activity or get rid of the stress.

You may have tightness, pressure or discomfort in your chest during physical activity or when stressed
feeling out of breath, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain or sharp chest pain

Angina symptoms in women can also include feeling out of breath, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain or sharp chest pain.  Once the extra demand for blood and oxygen stops, so do the symptoms.



Women, Depression, and Heart Disease Facts

Facts

  • Even mild forms of depression or depressive symptoms increase heart disease risk.
  • Depression is twice as common in women as in men, and increases the risk of heart disease by two to three times compared with women who are not depressed regardless of race, ethnicity or economic background.
  • Depression makes it difficult for women to maintain a healthy lifestyle and to follow recommended treatment.
  • Depression can lead to heart disease in women and results in those women being more than twice as likely to experience sudden cardiac death.
  • Women with higher levels of depression are the most likely to be obese or to smoke – both recognized as major risk factors for heart disease.

Signs of depression

Helplessness

Thought of death

Guilt

Changes in appetite

Energy loss

Signs of depression

Anger

Withdrawing from friends and family

Sleep problem

No concentration

Alcohol & drug abuse



Obesity

  • Within 20 years, the percent of obese adult women has increased significantly:
  • 1988-1994: 25.5% obese
  • 2009-2012: 35.9% obese
Obesity
Heart Disease

Heart Disease

  • More than 50 million women are currently living with some form of cardiovascular disease.
  • Millions of women are currently living with coronary heart disease (CHD).
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death of women.

The Risks

The Risks
Obesity is a major risk factor for heart cardiovascular disease

Obesity is a major risk factor for heart cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is associated with 13% of CVD deaths in adults.

Between 1971 and 2004 total energy consumption for adult women has increased by 22%, compared to a 10% increase in adult men.

Total energy consumption for adult women has increased
44.9% of adult women have total cholesterol of at least 200mg/dL.

44.9% of adult women have total cholesterol of at least 200mg/dL.

31.7% of women do not engage in leisure time physical activity.

31.7% of women do not engage in leisure time physical activity.
18.5% of adults who are obese also have diabetes.

18.5% of adults who are obese also have diabetes. The greater a person’s BMI (Body Mass Index), the greater their risk of having diabetes.



Heart Disease and Diabetes in Women

Your body gets most of its energy from glucose, a form of sugar that comes from some of the food you eat. If you have diabetes, it’s harder for your body to turn food into energy. That’s because the body either:

Heart Disease and Diabetes in Women

cannot produce enough insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas),

or both.

cannot use insulin (also called insulin resistance),

heart disease treatment in women and in men

Without enough insulin, glucose can’t enter the cells. Over time, the amount of glucose in your blood rises and cells are starved of energy. In addition to heart attack and stroke, uncontrolled diabetes can eventually lead to other health problems as well, such as blindness, kidney failure, and amputations.

Without enough insulin, glucose can’t enter the cells, Heart Disease and Diabetes in Women

Heart disease & diabetes often occur together. Whether you have heart disease or are at high risk of it, get your blood glucose (sugar) level checked regularly, especially if diabetes runs in your family.

Diabetes

Heart Disease and Diabetes in Women
  • 10.6 million women have diabetes (8 percent of all women ages 20 years and older)
  • 3 million women who have diabetes are undiagnosed.
  • 34.4 million women have pre-diabetes.
  • 14.6% of African-American women have diabetes.
  • 11.8% of Hispanic-American women have diabetes.
  • Prevalence for diabetes African American women is two times higher than in Caucasian women (14.6% of African-American women have diabetes while 6.1% of Caucasian women have diabetes)
Heart diseases and diabetes in women

Heart Disease

Heart Disease in Women
  • 43.8 million women are currently living with some form of cardiovascular disease. Nearly 7 million women have a history of heart attack and/or angina.
  • 6.6 million women are currently living with coronary heart disease (CHD).
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death of American women and is responsible for 1 in 3 deaths in women annually.
Heart Disease in Women
  • Diabetes dramatically increases a woman’s chances of developing heart disease and having a heart attack and at much younger ages.
  • Diabetes erases the heart protective benefits of estrogen during child-bearing years.
Diabetes erases the heart protective benefits of estrogen during child-bearing years.
Women with diabetes are up to five times more likely to develop heart disease than women who don’t have diabetes.

Women with diabetes are up to five times more likely to develop heart disease than women who don’t have diabetes. Women with diabetes who have survived a heart attack are at much greater risk of having a second one compared to women without diabetes. Diabetes contributes to heart-related deaths.

Two out of three women with diabetes die from heart disease.

Two out of three women with diabetes die from heart disease.
Heart disease and diabetes in women

While the death rate from heart disease has dropped by 27 percent in women without diabetes, deaths from heart and blood vessel disease in women with diabetes have increased by 23 percent over the last 30 years.

Smoking doubles the risk for heart disease in people with diabetes.

Smoking doubles the risk for heart disease in people with diabetes.

2 out of 3 adults with diabetes report also having high blood pressure or taking prescription medications to lower their blood pressure.

2 out of 3 adults with diabetes report also having high blood pressure
  • Women with diabetes are 2.5 times more likely to have heart attacks.
  • The risk for stroke is 1.5 times higher among people with diabetes.
2 out of 3 adults with diabetes report also having high blood pressure or taking prescription medications

2 out of 3 adults with diabetes report also having high blood pressure or taking prescription medications

Know Your (Diabetes) ABCs

Know Your (Diabetes) ABCs

Your health care team will focus on controlling your blood sugar levels and lowering blood pressure and blood cholesterol, together with use of aspirin and other medications as indicated.

Know Your (Diabetes) ABCs

A

stands for A1C (a test that shows average blood glucose level over the past three months). Have this checked at least twice a year.

A1C target Below 7 percent

Know Your (Diabetes) ABCs , stands for A1C
High blood pressure is serious and can make your heart work too hard.

B

is for blood pressure. High blood pressure is serious and can make your heart work too hard.
Blood pressure target Below 130/80 mm Hg

C

is for cholesterol (lipids). Have it checked at least once a year.

Blood fat (cholesterol) targets LDL (bad) cholesterol Under 100 mg/dL Triglycerides Under 150 mg/dL HDL (good) cholesterol For men: above 40 mg/dL For women: above 50 mg/dL

is for cholesterol (lipids). Have it checked at least once a year.


Generally, heart disease treatment in women and in men is similar.

heart disease treatment in women and in men
heart disease treatment in women and in men

We always associate chest pain with heart attacks, and for good reason, but it’s not the whole story — especially for women. While chest pain is the most common symptom of a heart attack, women can have symptoms that aren’t related to chest pain at all. They need to be on the lookout for other, subtler symptoms.



Women can make several lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of heart disease, including:

Exercise regularly

Exercise regularly

Eat a healthy diet

Eat a healthy diet

Quit or don't start smoking

Quit or don't start smoking

Maintain a healthy weight

Maintain a healthy weight

Eat a healthy diet

that includes whole grains, a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, and lean meats. Avoid saturated or trans fat, added sugars, and high amounts of salt.

Women also need to take prescribed medications appropriately, such as blood pressure medications, blood thinners and aspirin. And they’ll need to better manage other conditions that are risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.

take prescribed medications


Emirates Cardiac Society

SHARING MATTERS OF HEART

SHARING MATTERS OF HEART




About Us


Emirates Cardiac Society (ECS) is a non-profit organization comprising of cardiologists within the UAE that work under the umbrella of the Emirates Medical Association.


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